Journal Article

Involvement of Ethylene and Hydrogen Peroxide in Induction of Alternative Respiratory Pathway in Salt-Treated <i>Arabidopsis</i> Calluses

Huahua Wang, Xiaolei Liang, Junjun Huang, Dongkai Zhang, Hongxia Lu, Zhongjuan Liu and Yurong Bi

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 51, issue 10, pages 1754-1765
Published in print October 2010 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online August 2010 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcq134
Involvement of Ethylene and Hydrogen Peroxide in Induction of Alternative Respiratory Pathway in Salt-Treated Arabidopsis Calluses

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The role of ethylene and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in the induction of the alternative respiratory pathway (AP) in calluses from wild-type (WT) Arabidopsis and ethylene-insensitive mutant etr1-3 under salt stress was investigated. The capacity and the contribution of the AP to the total respiration were significantly induced by 100 mM sodium chloride (NaCl) in WT calluses but only slightly induced in etr1-3 calluses. Ethylene emission was enhanced in WT calluses under salt stress. Application of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (an ethylene precursor) further increased the AP capacity in WT calluses but not in etr1-3 calluses under salt stress. Reduction of ethylene production by aminooxyacetic acid (AOA, an ethylene biosynthesis inhibitor) in WT calluses eliminated the NaCl-induced increase of ethylene emission and inhibited AP induction under salt stress, suggesting that ethylene is required for AP induction. H2O2 enhanced ethylene production while ethylene reduced H2O2 generation in WT calluses under salt stress. In addition, ethylene and H2O2 modulated NaCl-induced alternative oxidase gene (AOX1a) expression and the increase in pyruvate content in WT calluses. Inhibition of the AP by salicylhydroxamic acid in WT calluses under salt stress resulted in severe cellular damage as indicated by the high content of H2O2, malondialdehyde and more electrolyte leakage. Taken together, ethylene and H2O2 are involved in the salt-induced increase of the AP, which plays an important role in salt tolerance in WT calluses, and ethylene may be acting downstream of H2O2.

Keywords: Alternative respiratory pathway; Arabidopsis callus; Ethylene; Hydrogen peroxide; Salt stress

Journal Article.  6976 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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