While exogenous toxic compounds such as herbicides are thought to be sequestered into vacuoles in the form of glutathione (GSH) conjugates, little is understood about natural plant products conjugated with GSH. To identify natural products conjugated with GSH in plants, metabolites in the Arabidopsis γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (ggt) 4 knockout mutants that are blocked in the degradation of GSH conjugates in the vacuole were compared with those in wild-type plants. Among the metabolites identified, one was confirmed to be the 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid (OPDA)–GSH conjugate, indicating that OPDA, a precursor of jasmonic acid (JA), is transported into the vacuole as a GSH conjugate.
Keywords: Conjugate; Glutathione; 12-Oxo-phytodienoic acid; Vacuole
Journal Article. 2622 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry
Full text: subscription required