Journal Article

UV Radiation-Responsive Proteins in Rice Leaves: A Proteomic Analysis

Hongmei Du, Yu Liang, Kequan Pei and Keping Ma

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 52, issue 2, pages 306-316
Published in print February 2011 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online December 2010 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcq186
UV Radiation-Responsive Proteins in Rice Leaves: A Proteomic Analysis

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Depletion of stratospheric ozone has led to increased UV radiation reaching the surface of the Earth. This may damage plants. Using physiological, proteomic and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) methods, we systematically studied the response of 16-day-old rice seedlings to UV [0.67 W m−2 biologically effective UVB (UVBBE) and 0.28 W m−2 UVA] exposure for 6, 12 and 24 h. UV exposure resulted in the appearance of light brown patches on leaves, a decrease in the net photosynthetic rate (Pn), lipid peroxidation, accumulation of UV-absorbing compounds (including flavonoids and other phenolic pigments) and differential expression of 22 proteins. Both physiological and molecular responses became stronger with increasing UV exposure time, indicating the effects of UV accumulation on plants. UV-induced responses included (i) phytohormone-regulative responses (up-regulation of proteins related to phytohormone synthesis such as IAA and ethylene); (ii) injurious responses (photosynthesis suppression, lipid peroxidation and visible injury); and (iii) protective responses (accumulation of UV-absorbing compounds and differential expression of proteins involved in detoxification/antioxidation, defense, protein processing, RNA processing, carbohydrate metabolism and secondary metabolism). The identification of UV-responsive proteins provided a better understanding of the molecular mechanism of plant responses to UV stress. Proteomic and qPCR analysis identified one up-regulated and two induced proteins with important functions: tryptophan synthase α chain (production of radical oxygen species), glyoxalase I (detoxification/antioxidation) and a Bet v I family protein (defense). These results will contribute to future research into their roles in UV stress responses in plants.

Keywords: Glyoxalase I; Oryza sativa; Proteome; Stress; UV radiation

Journal Article.  5816 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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