Journal Article

The Activity of the Plant Mitochondrial Inner Membrane Anion Channel (PIMAC) of Maize Populations Divergently Selected for Cold Tolerance Level is Differentially Dependent on the Growth Temperature of Seedlings

Aurelio De Santis, Elisabetta Frascaroli, Elena Baraldi, Francesco Carnevali and Pierangelo Landi

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 52, issue 1, pages 193-204
Published in print January 2011 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online December 2010 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcq189
The Activity of the Plant Mitochondrial Inner Membrane Anion Channel (PIMAC) of Maize Populations Divergently Selected for Cold Tolerance Level is Differentially Dependent on the Growth Temperature of Seedlings

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The activity of the plant inner membrane mitochondrial anion channel (PIMAC) is involved in metabolite shuttles and mitochondrial volume changes and could have a role in plant temperature tolerance. Our objectives were to investigate (i) the occurrence and (ii) the temperature dependence of anion fluxes through PIMAC in mitochondria isolated from seedlings of three maize populations differing in terms of cold tolerance; and (iii) the relationships between the PIMAC activity kinetics and the level of cold tolerance. Populations were the source population (C0) and two populations divergently selected for high (C4H) and low (C4L) cold tolerance. Such divergently selected populations are expected to share most of their genes, with the main exception of those genes controlling cold tolerance. Arrhenius plots of PIMAC chloride fluxes showed a linear temperature dependence when seedlings were grown at 25 or 14°C, whereas a non-linear temperature dependence was found when seedlings were grown at 5°C, with or without acclimation at 14°C. The activation energy and other thermodynamic parameters of PIMAC activity varied depending on temperature treatments during seedling growth. When seedlings were grown at 14 and 5°C with acclimation, PIMAC activity of the C4H population increased, while that of C4L declined, as compared with the activities of seedlings grown at 25°C. These symmetric responses indicate that PIMAC activity changes are associated with genetically determined differences in the cold tolerance level of the investigated populations. We conclude that anion fluxes by PIMAC depend upon changes on growth temperature and are differentially related to the tolerance level of the tested populations.

Keywords: Anion channels; Cold tolerance; Inner membrane anion channel; Maize; Plant mitochondria; Zea mays L

Journal Article.  8003 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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