Journal Article

Constitutive expression of the <i>GIGANTEA</i> Ortholog Affects Circadian Rhythms and Suppresses One-shot Induction of Flowering in <i>Pharbitis nil</i>, a Typical Short-day Plant

Yohei Higuchi, Kimiyo Sage-Ono, Ryuta Sasaki, Namie Ohtsuki, Atsushi Hoshino, Shigeru Iida, Hiroshi Kamada and Michiyuki Ono

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 52, issue 4, pages 638-650
Published in print April 2011 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online March 2011 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcr023
Constitutive expression of the GIGANTEA Ortholog Affects Circadian Rhythms and Suppresses One-shot Induction of Flowering in Pharbitis nil, a Typical Short-day Plant

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  • Plant Sciences and Forestry

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GIGANTEA (GI) is a key regulator of flowering time, which is closely related to the circadian clock function in Arabidopsis. Mutations in the GI gene cause photoperiod-insensitive flowering and altered circadian rhythms. We isolated the GI ortholog PnGI from Pharbitis (Ipomoea) nil, an absolute short-day (SD) plant. PnGI mRNA expression showed diurnal rhythms that peaked at dusk under SD and long-day (LD) conditions, and also showed robust circadian rhythms under continuous dark (DD) and continuous light (LL) conditions. Short irradiation with red light during the flower-inductive dark period did not change PnGI expression levels, suggesting that such a night break does not abolish flowering by affecting the expression of PnGI. In Pharbitis, although a single dusk signal is sufficient to induce expression of the ortholog of FLOWERING LOCUS T (PnFT1), PnGI mRNA expression was not reset by single lights-off signals. Constitutive expression of PnGI (PnGI-OX) in transgenic plants altered period length in leaf-movement rhythms under LL and affected circadian rhythms of PnFT mRNA expression under DD. PnGI-OX plants formed fewer flower buds than the wild type when one-shot darkness was given. In PnGI-OX plants, expression of PnFT1 was down-regulated, suggesting that PnGI functions as a suppressor of flowering, possibly in part through down-regulation of PnFT1.

Keywords: Circadian rhythm; Flowering; GIGANTEA; Pharbitis nil; Photoperiodism; Short-day plant

Journal Article.  7794 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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