Journal Article

<i>FT</i>-Like <i>NFT1</i> Gene May Play a Role in Flower Transition Induced by Heat Accumulation in <i>Narcissus tazetta</i> var. <i>chinensis</i>

Xiao-Fang Li, Lin-Yan Jia, Jing Xu, Xin-Jie Deng, Yang Wang, Wei Zhang, Xue-Ping Zhang, Qi Fang, Dong-Mei Zhang, Yue Sun and Ling Xu

in Plant and Cell Physiology

Published on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists

Volume 54, issue 2, pages 270-281
Published in print February 2013 | ISSN: 0032-0781
Published online January 2013 | e-ISSN: 1471-9053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcs181
FT-Like NFT1 Gene May Play a Role in Flower Transition Induced by Heat Accumulation in Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis

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The low-temperature flowering-response pathway, used as an inductive stimulus to induce flowering in plant species from temperate regions in response to cold temperature, has been extensively studied. However, limited information is available on the flower transition of several bulbous species, which require high temperature for flower differentiation. Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis (Chinese narcissus) exhibits a 2 year juvenile phase, and flower initiation within its bulbs occurs during summer dormancy. The genetic factors that control flower initiation are mostly unknown in Chinese narcissus. In the present study, we found that a high storage temperature is necessary for flower initiation. Flower initiation was advanced in bulbs previously exposed to extended high temperature. The heat accumulation required for flower transition was also determined. High temperature treatment rescued the low flower percentage resulting from short storage duration under natural conditions. In addition, extended high storage temperature was found to increase the flowering percentage of 2-year-old plants, which can be applied in breeding. Narcissus FLOWERING LOCUS T1 (NFT1), a homolog of the Arabidopsis thaliana gene FLOWERING LOCUS T, was isolated in this study. NFT1 transcripts were abundant during flower initiation in mature bulbs and were up-regulated by high temperature. The genetic experiments, coupled with an expression profiling assay, suggest that NFT1 possibly takes part in flower transition control in response to high temperature.

Keywords: Flower initiation; Narcissus tazetta; var. chinensis; NFT1; Temperature

Journal Article.  6352 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry ; Molecular and Cell Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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