Journal Article

Adakite-like and Normal Arc Magmas: Distinct Fractionation Paths in the East Serbian Segment of the Balkan–Carpathian Arc

M. Kolb, A. Von Quadt, I. Peytcheva, C. A. Heinrich, S. J. Fowler and V. Cvetković

in Journal of Petrology

Volume 54, issue 3, pages 421-451
Published in print March 2013 | ISSN: 0022-3530
Published online November 2012 | e-ISSN: 1460-2415 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egs072
Adakite-like and Normal Arc Magmas: Distinct Fractionation Paths in the East Serbian Segment of the Balkan–Carpathian Arc

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New age and whole-rock 87Sr/86Sr and 143Nd/144Nd isotopic data are used to assess petrogenetic and regional geodynamic processes associated with Late Cretaceous subvolcanic intrusions within the sparsely studied Timok Magmatic Complex (TMC) and Ridanj–Krepoljin Zone (RKZ) of eastern Serbia. The TMC and RKZ form part of the Apuseni–Banat–Timok–Srednogorie (ABTS) magmatic belt, a Cu–Au mineralized calc-alkaline magmatic arc related to closure of the Tethys Ocean that extends through Romania, Serbia, and Bulgaria in SE Europe. Zircon ages based on U–Pb laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry supplemented by existing isotope dilution thermal ionization mass spectrometry data respectively range from 89 to 79 Ma and from 76 to 71 Ma for the TMC and RKZ. This age pattern corresponds to cross-arc younging away from the European continent. Adakite-like trace element signatures (Y ≤18 ppm) are linked with samples that extend across the arc. These overlap in space and time with samples that conform to a normal arc differentiation trend. We performed energy-constrained assimilation–fractional crystallization (EC-AFC) modeling of Sr–La–Nd–Yb concentrations and Sr and Nd isotopic data. Results suggest that the two distinct fractionation trends may be explained in terms of a common mantle-derived parental magma but distinct fractionation and assimilation paths in the lower and upper crust. Petrogenesis of the adakite-like magmas is consistent with extensive high-pressure amphibole fractionation in the lower crust followed by ascent and plagioclase-dominant fractionation and assimilation in the upper crust. In contrast, normal arc signatures appear to have evolved exclusively via an upper-crustal differentiation process. Overall, our interpretation supports mantle wedge melting related to weak extension during progressive rollback of a subducting slab.

Keywords: arc magmatism; radiogenic isotopes; adakite; EC-AFC; zircon

Journal Article.  11188 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Petrology

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