Journal Article

Binary titanium alloys as dental implant materials—a review

Xiaotian Liu, Shuyang Chen, James K.H. Tsoi and Jukka Pekka Matinlinna

in Regenerative Biomaterials

Volume 4, issue 5, pages 315-323
ISSN: 2056-3418
Published online September 2017 | e-ISSN: 2056-3426 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/rb/rbx027
Binary titanium alloys as dental implant materials—a review

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  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Biological Engineering
  • Materials Science

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Abstract

Titanium (Ti) has been used for long in dentistry and medicine for implant purpose. During the years, not only the commercially pure Ti but also some alloys such as binary and tertiary Ti alloys were used. The aim of this review is to describe and compare the current literature on binary Ti alloys, including Ti–Zr, Ti–In, Ti–Ag, Ti–Cu, Ti–Au, Ti–Pd, Ti–Nb, Ti–Mn, Ti–Mo, Ti–Cr, Ti–Co, Ti–Sn, Ti–Ge and Ti–Ga, in particular to mechanical, chemical and biological parameters related to implant application. Literature was searched using the PubMed and Web of Science databases, as well as google without limiting the year, but with principle key terms such as ‘ Ti alloy’, ‘binary Ti ’, ‘Ti-X’ (with X is the alloy element), ‘dental implant’ and ‘medical implant’. Only laboratory studies that intentionally for implant or biomedical applications were included. According to available literatures, we might conclude that most of the binary Ti alloys with alloying <20% elements of Zr, In, Ag, Cu, Au, Pd, Nb, Mn, Cr, Mo, Sn and Co have high potential as implant materials, due to good mechanical performance without compromising the biocompatibility and biological behaviour compare to cp-Ti.

Keywords: : binary Ti; Ti alloy; dental implant; biocompatibility

Journal Article.  7744 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Reproductive Medicine ; Biological Engineering ; Materials Science

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