Reference Entry

Raffles, Sir (Thomas) Stamford Bingley (1781-1826), colonial governor and founder of Singapore

Mary Turnbull

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

Published in print September 2004 |
Published online September 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780198614128 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ref:odnb/23010

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Early years | Invasion and administration of Java | History of Java | The Bencoolen residency | Founding Singapore | Securing Singapore | Disasters and death | Assessment

Reference Entry.  4106 words.  Illustrated.

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