Reference Entry

Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer (1874-1965), prime minister

Paul Addison

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

Published in print September 2004 |
Published online September 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780198614128 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ref:odnb/32413

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Childhood | Harrow and Sandhurst | Cavalry officer and war correspondent: Cuba, India, and Omdurman | The South African War | Unionist MP | Joins the Liberals: Colonial Office | Cabinet minister and marriage | Social policy at the Board of Trade | Home secretary | First lord of the Admiralty | Ulster crisis and federal devolution of the United Kingdom | First World War: early naval engagements and the defence of Antwerp | Gallipoli, removal from Admiralty, and resignation | Out of office: the western front and Westminster | Minister of munitions | Secretary for war and air: Russia, Ireland, and the 'ten year rule' | Colonial secretary: Palestine mandate and Chanak | Defeat at Dundee and history of the First World War | Reunion with the Conservatives: chancellor of the exchequer | Chartwell Manor | In opposition: India | The threat of Nazi Germany: rearmament and air defence | Collective security: critic of Munich | Literary work | Second World War: return to the Admiralty | Appointment as prime minister and formation of war cabinet | Fall of France | Wartime speeches | Military conduct of the war | Anglo-American relations and reverses in the Mediterranean | War leader: action this day | Invasion of Russia, Pearl Harbor, and fall of Singapore and Tobruk | El Alamein, strategic bombing, the holocaust, and nuclear weapons | Anglo-American alliance | Stalin | Home affairs and the general election of 1945 | Leader of the opposition and historian of the Second World War | The Soviet threat and European unity | Prime minister in peacetime | Great power status | Resignation and retirement | Death and reputation | Honours and images

Reference Entry.  33266 words.  Illustrated.

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