Reference Entry

Hardie, (James) Keir [formerly James Kerr] (1856-1915), founder of the Labour Party


in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

Published in print September 2004 |
Published online September 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780198614128 | DOI:


Mining, self-education, and marriage | Trade unionism and socialism | As an MP | The Labour Leader, the ILP, and the LRC | MP again, and chairman of the Labour Party | As an internationalist | War, ill health, and death | Reputation and character

Reference Entry.  3146 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: biography ; history

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