Journal Article

Impact of primary Sjögren's syndrome on smell and taste: effect on quality of life

Usama F. Kamel, Peter Maddison and Rhiannon Whitaker

in Rheumatology

Volume 48, issue 12, pages 1512-1514
Published in print December 2009 | ISSN: 1462-0324
Published online September 2009 | e-ISSN: 1462-0332 | DOI:
Impact of primary Sjögren's syndrome on smell and taste: effect on quality of life

Show Summary Details


Objectives. To assess the prevalence of abnormal smell and taste perception in people with primary SS and the effect on quality of life (QoL).

Methods. Twenty-eight participants with SS and 37 controls were enrolled in a cohort-matched, prospective, cross-sectional study. Smell and taste thresholds were measured using standardized, validated tests. QoL was assessed by the Short Form 12 (SF-12).

Results. Smell threshold was reduced by 1 point (P = 0.002; 95% CI 0.35, 1.54) and taste threshold was reduced by 3.5 points (P < 0.001; 95% CI 1.80, 5.22) in the SS group compared with controls. The physical and mental components of SF-12 were reduced by 14.2 points (P < 0.001; 95% CI 9.47, 19.02) and 7.5 points (P = 0.002; 95% CI 2.97, 12.02), respectively, in the SS group compared with controls. Taste threshold was significantly correlated with both the physical (r = 0.48; P < 0.001) and the mental (r = 0.30; P = 0.015) components of SF-12. Smell threshold correlated with the physical (r = 0.457; P < 0.001), but not the mental component (r = 0.154; P = 0.222) of SF-12.

Conclusions. Clinically important impairment of chemosensory perception occurred in the SS group compared with age- and gender-matched controls. Assessment using SF-12 suggests that this impairment contributed to the reduced health-related QoL that characterized these individuals.

Keywords: Ears; nose and throat; Clinical trials and methods; Quality of life; Sjogren's syndrome

Journal Article.  2074 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Rheumatology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.