Journal Article

Dose level of occupational exposure in China

Yuan Tian, Liang'an Zhang and Yongjian Ju

in Radiation Protection Dosimetry

Volume 128, issue 4, pages 491-495
Published in print March 2008 | ISSN: 0144-8420
Published online September 2007 | e-ISSN: 1742-3406 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/rpd/ncm427
Dose level of occupational exposure in China

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This paper discusses the dose level of Chinese occupational exposures during 1986–2000. Data on occupational exposures from the main categories in nuclear fuel cycle (uranium enrichment and conversion, fuel fabrication, reactor operation, waste management and research activity, except for uranium mining and milling because of the lack of data), medical uses of radiation (diagnostic radiation, nuclear medicine and radiotherapy) and industrial uses of radiation (industrial radiography and radioisotope production) are presented and summarised in detail. These are the main components of occupational exposures in China. In general, the average annual effective doses show a steady decreasing trend over periods: from 2.16 to 1.16 mSv in medical uses of radiation during 1990–2000; from 1.92 to 1.18 mSv in industrial radiography during 1990–2000; from 8.79 to 2.05 mSv in radioisotope production during the period 1980–2000. Almost all the average annual effective doses in discussed occupations were lower than 5 mSv in recent years (except for well-logging: 6.86 mSv in 1999) and no monitored workers were found to have received the occupational exposure exceeding 50 mSv in a single year or 100 mSv in a five-year period. So the Chinese protection status of occupation exposure has been improved in recent years. However, the average annual effective doses in some occupations, such as diagnostic radiology and coal mining, were still much higher than that of the whole world. There are still needs for further improvement and careful monitoring of occupational exposure to protect every worker from excessive occupational exposure, especially for the workers who were neglected before.

Journal Article.  2385 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nuclear Chemistry, Photochemistry, and Radiation

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