Journal Article

Learning Potential and the Prediction of Work Skill Acquisition in Schizophrenia

Mark J Sergi, Robert S Kern, Jim Mintz and Michael F Green

in Schizophrenia Bulletin

Published on behalf of Maryland Psychiatric Research Center

Volume 31, issue 1, pages 67-72
Published in print January 2005 | ISSN: 0586-7614
Published online January 2005 | e-ISSN: 1745-1701 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbi007
Learning Potential and the Prediction of Work Skill Acquisition in Schizophrenia

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This study examined whether a measure of learning potential could predict work skill acquisition in schizophrenia beyond the prediction offered by a single administration assessment. Fifty-seven outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder completed a test-train-test version of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test as a measure of their learning potential. The outpatients were randomly assigned to training by errorless learning or conventional instruction on two work skills (index card filing and toilet tank assembly). Work skills were assessed both immediately and 3 months after training. Generally, patients with high learning potential performed better on the work skill tasks. Learning potential explained an additional 15 percent of variance beyond single administration assessment in participants' accuracy immediately after work skill training and an additional 13 percent of variance in participants' accuracy 3 months after training. These findings indicate that measures of learning potential contribute to the prediction of work skill acquisition, going beyond the predictive power of single administration assessments.

Keywords: Schizophrenia; learning potential; dynamic testing; neurocognition; work skills; vocational skills

Journal Article.  3384 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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