Journal Article

The Potential Impact of the Recovery Movement on Family Interventions for Schizophrenia: Opportunities and Obstacles

Shirley M. Glynn, Amy N. Cohen, Lisa B. Dixon and Noosha Niv

in Schizophrenia Bulletin

Published on behalf of Maryland Psychiatric Research Center

Volume 32, issue 3, pages 451-463
Published in print July 2006 | ISSN: 0586-7614
Published online March 2006 | e-ISSN: 1745-1701 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbj066
The Potential Impact of the Recovery Movement on Family Interventions for Schizophrenia: Opportunities and Obstacles

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Many types of family interventions have been found to be effective in reducing exacerbations in schizophrenia; some also improve consumer social functioning and reduce family burden. Regardless of their origins, these interventions share a number of common features, such as showing empathy for all participants, providing knowledge about the illness, assuming a nonpathologizing stance, and teaching communication and problem-solving skills. Importantly, these family interventions have many characteristics that are consistent with the growing recovery movement in mental health in that they are community-based, emphasize achieving personally relevant goals, work on instilling hope, and focus on improving natural supports. Nevertheless, these interventions are generally reflective of older models of serious and persisting psychiatric illnesses that are grounded in a “patient being treated for a chronic illness” rather than a “consumer assuming as much responsibility as possible for his/her recovery” stance. These interventions could be made more consistent with recovery principles by (1) expanding the definition of family to include marital, parenting, and sibling relationships, (2) identifying better ways to match consumers with treatments, (3) broadening the research focus to include systems change that promotes making family members a part of the treatment team (with the consumer's consent), and (4) overcoming implementation obstacles that preclude access to effective family interventions for most consumers and their relatives.

Keywords: psychosocial; family treatment; consumer; recovery; schizophrenia

Journal Article.  8687 words. 

Subjects: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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