Journal Article

Choosing Sides: An Exploration of Role Conflict among Evangelical Democrats*

Jeremy Rhodes

in Sociology of Religion

Published on behalf of Association for the Sociology of Religion

Volume 72, issue 1, pages 28-49
Published in print January 2011 | ISSN: 1069-4404
Published online August 2010 | e-ISSN: 1759-8818 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/socrel/srq066
Choosing Sides: An Exploration of Role Conflict among Evangelical Democrats*

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Evangelical Protestants have increasingly aligned with the Republican Party in their voting patterns and opinions since the late 1970s. As a result, this alignment of Evangelical Protestantism with the GOP could present a dilemma for Evangelical Democrats, whose religious and political identities are perceived by many to be in conflict with one another. Using data from the 2005 wave of the Baylor Religion Survey, the present study tests whether Evangelical Democrats seek to avoid role conflict by choosing between the religious and political components of their lives. Results find that Evangelical Democrats avoid role conflict by compromising both the political and religious components of their identity, maintaining religious and political beliefs that are largely more liberal than other Evangelicals but more conservative than other Democrats. Evangelical Democrats are also found to attend church significantly less than other Evangelicals and Democrats of other religious traditions. Implications for role conflict among Evangelical Democrats are discussed.

Keywords: evangelical Protestantism; politics; identity; role conflict; Biblical literalism

Journal Article.  8970 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Sociology of Religion

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