Journal Article

NGOs in Environmental Networks in Germany and Japan: The Question of Power and Influence

Gesine Foljanty-Jost

in Social Science Japan Journal

Published on behalf of University of Tokyo

Volume 8, issue 1, pages 103-117
Published in print April 2005 | ISSN: 1369-1465
Published online February 2005 | e-ISSN: 1468-2680 | DOI:
NGOs in Environmental Networks in Germany and Japan: The Question of Power and Influence

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The paper argues that differences between German and Japanese environmental politics during the 1990s are due to differences in the composition and working of the environmental policy-making networks in both countries. The main assumption is that the relatively proactive role of German environmental politics can be explained by a highly integrated pluralistic network, which includes all major actors in the environmental field. The paper explores this argument by focusing on the role NGOs play in the national environmental policymaking in Germany and Japan. It presents empirical data concerning the position of NGOs in the policymaking networks in both countries with regard to NGOs' resources and opportunities to shape environmental policies. The analysis of the data demonstrates that NGOs are still weak in the network in Japan while, in Germany, the big national NGOs are well integrated and are considered to play a significant role in the policy-making process. This comparison suggests that what accounts for their greatest difference is the availability of means of compensating for weak resources, which is considered to be much more favorable in Germany than in Japan.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Japanese Studies

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