Journal Article

α-Chlorohydrin Inhibits Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase in Multiple Organs as Well as in Sperm

Karen Bozak Jelks and Marion G. Miller

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 62, issue 1, pages 115-123
Published in print July 2001 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online July 2001 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/62.1.115
α-Chlorohydrin Inhibits Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase in Multiple Organs as Well as in Sperm

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Numerous studies have documented inhibitory effects of α-chlorohydrin (ACH) on glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH) activity in spermatozoa. A sperm-specific G3PDH isoform has been described. The possibility that ACH may inhibit G3PDH in cell types other than sperm was investigated in this work. In addition, the onset of ACH-induced epididymal toxicity was described. Changes to epididymal histology occurred 6 h following a single dose of ACH (50 mg/kg po) and were confined to the proximal initial segment. By 24 h, no epithelial cells lined the basement membrane of that region. Three h after ACH administration (50 mg/kg po), G3PDH activity was significantly decreased in sperm (85%) as well as in kidney (31%), liver (49%), and epididymis (35%). Enzyme activity remained inhibited at 6 and 24 h. G3PDH was immunolocalized in the epididymis and staining was highest in the efferent ducts and initial segment as well as in smooth muscle. Since G3PDH is a microtubule-associated protein and microtubule-dependent endocytosis occurs in the epididymis, β-tubulin was also immunolocalized. β-tubulin densely stained the apical region of initial segment and caput epithelial cells. Disruption of β-tubulin immunostaining correlated with the localization and onset of the lesion. Co-localization of G3PDH and β-tubulin immunostaining was not observed although both antibodies most densely stained the initial segment. Our data indicate that histologic changes to the proximal initial segment of the epididymis occur rapidly, but subsequent to G3PDH inhibition. Moreover, ACH inhibition of G3PDH is not confined to sperm, although the sperm enzyme is most sensitive to inhibition.

Keywords: α-chlorohydrin; sperm; epididymal pathology; glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity; β-tubulin

Journal Article.  5751 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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