Journal Article

Sex-Dependent Toxicity of a Novel Acyl-CoA:Cholesterol Acyltransferase Inhibitor, YIC-C8-434, in Relation to Sex-Specific Forms of Cytochrome P450 in Rats

Kimiyuki Kaneko, Kazumi Uchida, Toshihide Kobayashi, Kouzou Miura, Keiko Tanokura, Kayoko Hoshino, Ikuo Kato, Masaharu Onoue and Teruo Yokokura

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 64, issue 2, pages 259-268
Published in print December 2001 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online December 2001 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/64.2.259
Sex-Dependent Toxicity of a Novel Acyl-CoA:Cholesterol Acyltransferase Inhibitor, YIC-C8-434, in Relation to Sex-Specific Forms of Cytochrome P450 in Rats

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YIC-C8-434 is a novel inhibitor of acyl coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT). To clarify the toxicity of YIC-C8-434, the compound was given orally to Sprague-Dawley rats for 28 days at 0, 4, 20, 100, or 500 mg/kg/day. The toxicity of the drug differed significantly between male and female rats. In female rats treated at 500 mg/kg, many symptoms including moribund condition, suppression of weight gain and food consumption, abnormal blood chemistry, and decreases in organ weights (thymus, ovaries, and uterus) were observed. In male rats by contrast, no significant toxicity was observed at any dose. After a single administration of YIC-C8-434 at 500 mg/kg, female rats had a higher blood concentration of the compound than male rats. Little elimination of YIC-C8-434 was observed in female rats on analysis of drug-elimination kinetics. Furthermore, the metabolism of YIC-C8-434 was analyzed using rat hepatic microsomal preparations from both sexes. Consistent with the observations in vivo, hepatic microsomes from male rats better metabolized YIC-C8-434 than those from females. In addition, the metabolism of YIC-C8-434 by hepatic microsomes from male rats was blocked by SKF525A, a P450 inhibitor. Inhibition experiments using anti-rat CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2B1, CYP2C11, CYP2E1, CYP3A2, and CYP4A1 antisera indicated that CYP3A2 played the predominant role in the metabolism of YIC-C8-434 in rats. Since there is less CYP3A2 in the liver of female than male rats, the involvement of CYP3A2 in YIC-C8-434 metabolism has implications for the sex-related metabolic activity and toxicity of YIC-C8-434.

Keywords: rats; ACAT inhibitor; toxicity; sex differences; hepatic CYP enzymes; CYP3A2

Journal Article.  6182 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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