Journal Article

Increase in Bile Flow and Biliary Excretion of Glutathione-Derived Sulfhydryls in Rats by Drug-Metabolizing Enzyme Inducers Is Mediated by Multidrug Resistance Protein 2

David R. Johnson, Sultan S. M. Habeebu and Curtis D. Klaassen

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 66, issue 1, pages 16-26
Published in print March 2002 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online March 2002 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/66.1.16
Increase in Bile Flow and Biliary Excretion of Glutathione-Derived Sulfhydryls in Rats by Drug-Metabolizing Enzyme Inducers Is Mediated by Multidrug Resistance Protein 2

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Glutathione (GSH) is an important cellular constituent for normal liver homeostasis. Certain drug-metabolizing enzyme inducers (i.e., phenobarbital [PB] and pregnenolone-16α-carbonitrile [PCN]) increase biliary excretion of GSH-derived sulfhydryls (SH) as well as bile flow, whereas other drug-metabolizing enzyme inducers (i.e., 3-methylcholanthrene [3MC] and benzo(a)pyrene [BaP]), do not. The purpose of the study was to determine whether rat multidrug resistance protein 2 (Mrp2) is the inducible transporter responsible for increasing biliary SH excretion and bile flow. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were injected ip daily for 4 days with PB, PCN, 3MC, BaP, or vehicle; Mrp2-null Eisai hyperbilirubinemic (EHBR) rats were injected ip daily for 4 days with PCN or vehicle. Although no drug-metabolizing enzyme inducer altered hepatic GSH in SD rats, PB and PCN significantly increased the rate of biliary SH excretion and bile flow. Neither 3MC nor BaP affected the biliary SH excretion rate or bile flow. In control EHBR rats, despite elevated hepatic GSH, the rate of biliary SH excretion was almost completely eliminated and bile flow was dramatically reduced compared with SD rats. Furthermore, PCN treatment did not affect bile flow or the biliary SH excretion rate in EHBR rats. PB and PCN also increased Mrp2 protein levels, but 3MC and BaP did not. None of the drug-metabolizing enzyme inducers tested significantly increased Mrp2 mRNA levels. PCN increased Mrp2 protein, but not Mrp2 mRNA, in a time-dependent manner. In conclusion, Mrp2 is the inducible efflux transporter responsible for increased biliary SH excretion and bile flow after administration of some drug-metabolizing enzyme inducers.

Keywords: drug-metabolizing enzyme inducers; Mrp2; glutathione; organic anion transport; EHBR

Journal Article.  8155 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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