Journal Article

A Novel Cell Line, MDA-kb2, That Stably Expresses an Androgen- and Glucocorticoid-Responsive Reporter for the Detection of Hormone Receptor Agonists and Antagonists

Vickie S. Wilson, Kathy Bobseine, Christy R. Lambright and L. E. Gray

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 66, issue 1, pages 69-81
Published in print March 2002 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online March 2002 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/66.1.69
A Novel Cell Line, MDA-kb2, That Stably Expresses an Androgen- and Glucocorticoid-Responsive Reporter for the Detection of Hormone Receptor Agonists and Antagonists

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The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has proposed that in vitro assays for estrogen receptor (ER)- and androgen receptor (AR)-mediated actions be included in a Tier-I screening battery to detect hormonally active chemicals. Herein we describe the development of a novel stable cell line, MDA-kb2, for screening of androgen agonist and antagonists and to characterize its specificity and sensitivity to endocrine-disrupting chemicals. The breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-453, was stably transformed with the MMTV.luciferase.neo reporter gene construct. Since both GR and AR are present in the MDA-MB-453 cells, and both receptors can act through the MMTV promoter, compounds that act through either AR or GR activate the MMTV luciferase reporter. As expected, AR agonists such as dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and GR agonists such as dexamethasone (DEX), corticosterone, and aldosterone induce luciferase expression at appropriate concentrations. DHT consistently produced 3–9-fold induction at concentrations from 0.1 to 10 nM. At 1 to 1000 nM, DEX induced luciferase activity 1.3–19.5-fold. To distinguish AR- from GR-mediated ligands, chemicals were assayed concurrently with the antiandrogen, hydroxyflutamide (OHF), which blocks AR- but not GR-mediated responses. In addition, known AR antagonists, including hydroxyflutamide, vinclozolin, vinclozolin metabolites M1 and M2, p,p`-DDE, and linuron inhibited DHT-induced luciferase gene expression at appropriate concentrations in this system. We have found that these cells are relatively easy to culture and maintain. Responsiveness was monitored over time and was stable for more than 80 passages. Some advantages of this assay are that it is relatively rapid (2 days), eliminates the need for transfection, can be conducted in a 96-well plate format, and produces consistent reproducible results. In summary, we have developed a cell line that can be used to screen chemicals, not just for AR- but for GR-mediated activities as well.

Keywords: stable cell line; androgen receptor; glucocorticoid receptor; endocrine screening; antiandrogen; vinclozolin; p`,p-DDE; linuron, procymidone; HPTE

Journal Article.  7109 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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