Journal Article

PBPK Modeling of the Percutaneous Absorption of Perchloroethylene from a Soil Matrix in Rats and Humans

Torka S. Poet, Karl K. Weitz, Richard A. Gies, Jeffrey A. Edwards, Karla D. Thrall, Richard A. Corley, Hanafi Tanojo, Xiaoying Hui, Howard I. Maibach and Ronald C. Wester

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 67, issue 1, pages 17-31
Published in print May 2002 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online May 2002 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/67.1.17
PBPK Modeling of the Percutaneous Absorption of Perchloroethylene from a Soil Matrix in Rats and Humans

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Perchloroethylene (PCE) is a widely used volatile organic chemical. Exposures to PCE are primarily through inhalation and dermal contact. The dermal absorption of PCE from a soil matrix was compared in rats and humans using real-time MS/MS exhaled breath technology and physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling. Studies with rats were performed to compare the effects of loading volume, concentration, and occlusion. In rats, the percutaneous permeability coefficient (KP) for PCE was 0.102 ± 0.017, and was independent of loading volume, concentration, or occlusion. Exhaled breath concentrations peaked within 1 h in nonoccluded exposures, but were maintained over the 5 h exposure period when the system was occluded. Three human volunteers submerged a hand in a container of PCE-laden soil for 2 h and their exhaled breath was continually monitored during and for 2.5 h following exposure. The absorption and elimination kinetics of PCE were slower in these subjects than initially predicted based upon the PBPK model developed from rat dermal kinetic data. The resulting KP for humans was over 100-fold lower than for the rat utilizing a single, well-stirred dermal compartment. Therefore, two additional PBPK skin compartment models were evaluated: a parallel model to simulate follicular uptake and a layered model to portray a stratum corneum barrier. The parallel dual dermal compartment model was not capable of describing the exhaled breath kinetics, whereas the layered model substantially improved the fit of the model to the complex kinetics of dermal absorption through the hand. In real-world situations, percutaneous absorption of PCE is likely to be minimal.

Keywords: human; PBPK modeling; perchloroethylene; rat; soil matrix

Journal Article.  11680 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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