Journal Article

Peroxisome Proliferators Do Not Activate the Transcription Factors AP-1, Early Growth Response-1, or Heat Shock Factors 1 and 2 in Rats or Hamsters

Michelle L. O'Brien, Michael L. Cunningham, Brett T. Spear and Howard P. Glauert

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 69, issue 1, pages 139-148
Published in print September 2002 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online September 2002 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/69.1.139
Peroxisome Proliferators Do Not Activate the Transcription Factors AP-1, Early Growth Response-1, or Heat Shock Factors 1 and 2 in Rats or Hamsters

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Peroxisome proliferators (PPs) cause hepatomegaly, peroxisome proliferation, and hepatocarcinogenesis in rats and mice, whereas hamsters are less responsive to these compounds. PPs increase peroxisomal β-oxidation and P4504A subfamily activity, which have been hypothesized to result in oxidative stress. Work in our laboratory indicated that differential modulation of the redox-sensitive transcription factor NF-κB may contribute to the resulting difference in species susceptibility following PP administration. Therefore, we hypothesized that other redox-sensitive transcription factors such as AP-1, early growth response gene 1 (Egr-1), and heat-shock factors 1 and 2 (HSF1/2) may also be alternatively activated in differentially susceptible species. Accordingly, we measured the activation of these transcription factors using gel mobility shift assays, with hepatic nuclear extracts derived from rats and Syrian hamsters fed two doses of three peroxisome proliferators (dibutyl-phthalate [DBP], gemfibrozil and Wy-14,643) for 6, 34, or 90 days. Although changes were observed at various time points, no consistent, dose-responsive changes were observed in the DNA binding activities of these transcription factors following PP treatment. The lack of increased binding of AP-1, Egr-1, and HSFs suggests that these factors are not involved in increased cell proliferation following PP administration, although we cannot rule out that these factors are activated at earlier time points than those examined in this study.

Keywords: peroxisome proliferators; hamsters; rats; Egr-1; HSF; AP-1

Journal Article.  8808 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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