Journal Article

Effects of Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Kanechlor-500, on Serum Thyroid Hormone Levels in Rats and Mice

Yoshihisa Kato, Koichi Haraguchi, Tomoaki Yamazaki, Yuriko Ito, Shoji Miyajima, Kiyomitsu Nemoto, Nobuyuki Koga, Ryohei Kimura and Masakuni Degawa

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 72, issue 2, pages 235-241
Published in print April 2003 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online April 2003 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfg025
Effects of Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Kanechlor-500, on Serum Thyroid Hormone Levels in Rats and Mice

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Effects of a commercial polychlorinated biphenyls mixture, Kanechlor-500 (KC500), on the levels of serum thyroid hormones such as total thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) were examined comparatively in male Wistar rats and ddy mice. Serum T4 levels were significantly decreased in both rats and mice 4 days after a single ip injection of KC500 (100 mg/kg body weight), whereas decreased levels of T3 were observed in mice but not in rats. In addition, no significant change in the level of serum thyroid stimulating hormone was observed in either rats or mice. Hepatic UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UDP-GTs) UGT1A1 and UGT1A6, which efficiently mediate glucuronidation of T4 and promote the excretion of the hormones, were induced by KC500 in rats but not in mice. Hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 (P450) content and the microsomal activity for 7-ethoxy-, 7-pentoxy-, and 7-benzoyloxy-resorufin dealkylations were significantly increased by KC500 in both rats and mice, although the magnitude of increase in the enzyme activities was higher in rats than in mice. The difference in the increase in the activity of microsomal enzymes, including UDP-GT and P450, between KC500-treated rats and mice was not correlated with that in the level of hepatic methylsulfonyl-PCB metabolites. In the present study, we found for the first time that the decrease in serum T4 levels by KC-500 in mice occurred without increase in hepatic UDP-GTs, UGT1A1 and UGT1A6, responsible for T4 glucuronidation. The present findings further suggested that although the decrease in serum T4 levels in KC500-treated rats would occur at least in part through the induction of the UDP-GTs, it might not be dependent on only the increase in the enzymes.

Keywords: polychlorinated biphenyls; Kanechlor-500; thyroid hormones; UDP-glucuronosyltransferases; Wistar rats; ddy mice

Journal Article.  4799 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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