Journal Article

Alcohol Consumption Decreases IL-2–Induced NF-κB Activity in Enriched NK Cells from C57BL/6 Mice

J. Zhou and G. G. Meadows

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 73, issue 1, pages 72-79
Published in print May 2003 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online May 2003 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfg047
Alcohol Consumption Decreases IL-2–Induced NF-κB Activity in Enriched NK Cells from C57BL/6 Mice

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Previously we showed that ethanol (EtOH) consumption suppressed IL-2–induced cytolytic activity of murine splenic natural killer (NK) cells. Although IL-2 receptor signaling is involved in activation of NK cells, neither the mechanism for this activation nor the role of EtOH consumption in modulating activation is completely understood. In this study we show by electrophoretic mobility-shift assay (EMSA) that enriched splenic NK cells from EtOH-consuming C57BL/6 mice exhibit reduced NF-κB and AP-1 binding activity in response to IL-2 stimulation as compared to the water-drinking mice. Semiquantitative RT-PCR and real-time PCR analyses indicated that EtOH consumption inhibits the induction of perforin, granzyme A, and granzyme B in response to IL-2. Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) and N-tosyl-L-phenylalanine chloromethyl ketone (TPCK) blocked NFκB and AP-1 binding activity in nuclear extracts of IL-2–stimulated NK cells in an EMSA and also inhibited the IL-2–induced expression of perforin, granzyme A, and granzyme B gene expression in enriched NK cells. These inhibitors dramatically suppressed IL-2–stimulated NK cytolytic activity against YAC-1 lymphoma target cells. Taken together, these results suggest that NFκB and AP-1 are important regulators of NK cell cytolytic function through regulation of perforin, granzyme A, and granzyme B gene expression. The findings further suggest that the decreased cytolytic activity of IL-2–stimulated NK cytolytic activity in EtOH-consuming mice is due at least in part to impaired transactivation of these and possibly other genes involved in control of NK-cell target lysis.

Keywords: NFκB; AP-1; NK cells; IL-2; ethanol; perforin; granzyme A; granzyme B

Journal Article.  7111 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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