Journal Article

Pyruvate Attenuates Myoglobin <i>in Vitro</i> Toxicity

Monica A. Valentovic and Jennifer Minigh

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 74, issue 2, pages 345-351
Published in print August 2003 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online August 2003 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfg135
Pyruvate Attenuates Myoglobin in Vitro Toxicity

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Myoglobinuria is a complication of crush injury as well as substance abuse. This study examined whether pyruvate modified myoglobin in vitro renal toxicity. Renal slices from Fischer-344 rats were incubated for 120 min with 0–12 mg/ml myoglobn. In an initial study, gluconeogenesis was stimulated by the addition of 10 mM pyruvate during the final 30 min. In all other studies, renal slices were incubated with myoglobin in the presence of 0 or 10 mM pyruvate for 120 min. Myoglobin increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and this was not modified by the presence of pyruvate for the last 30 min of the incubation. Myoglobin toxicity was reduced by coincubation of myoglobin with pyruvate for 120 min. LDH leakage was increased 1.2-, 1.7-, and 1.8-fold above control by 4, 10, and 12 mg/ml myoglobin, compared to 1.2, 1.3, and 1.3 fold in slices coincubated with 10 mM pyruvate, respectively. Myoglobin diminished adenosine triphophate (ATP) levels but pyruvate maintained a 5× higher level of ATP within the slices. Glucose (10 mM) provided protection only for the low concentration (4 mg/ml) of myoglobin. Myoglobin induced oxidative stress while pyruvate prevented the rise in lipid peroxidation and glutathione disulfides by myoglobin. Myoglobin diminished total glutathione levels in pyruvate-treated tissue, but glutathione levels remained higher than tissues incubated in the absence of pyruvate. These results indicate that pyruvate reduced toxicity by preventing oxidative stress and via a supply of an energy substrate.

Keywords: myoglobinuria; substance abuse; rhabdomyolysis; renal dysfunction; pyruvate; lactate dehydrogenase; glutathione levels

Journal Article.  5198 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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