Journal Article

Assessing Gene Expression in Lung Subcompartments Utilizing <i>In Situ</i> RNA Preservation

Gregory L. Baker, Michael A. Shultz, Michelle V. Fanucchi, Dexter M. Morin, Alan R. Buckpitt and Charles G. Plopper

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 77, issue 1, pages 135-141
Published in print January 2004 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online January 2004 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfh002
Assessing Gene Expression in Lung Subcompartments Utilizing In Situ RNA Preservation

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The mechanisms of toxicant-mediated lung injury and repair are influenced by the considerable spatial heterogeneity that exists within the conducting airways of the lungs. As a result of this heterogeneity, significant differences and similarities in gene expression are observed throughout lung subcompartments. RNA-based technologies such as real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (real-time RT-PCR) and cDNA microarray analysis of gene expression provide valuable clues to understanding the mechanisms of toxicant-induced injury. Isolating RNA from lung subcompartments has previously involved considerable time and labor-intensive processes that limit the number of animals that could be processed in a day. The aim of this study was to determine if intact, high-quality RNA could be preserved in situ over a period of time to delay the need to immediately perform site-specific lung subcompartment microdissections and RNA isolations. Two hours after 1-nitronaphthalene treatment, rat lungs were inflated with and stored in RNA preservation solution and stored at 4°C for 7 days. RNA was isolated from the lung subcompartments isolated by microdissection. After 7 days of storage, the RNA was intact, of high quality, and could be used for real-time RT-PCR to examine heterogeneous gene expression in the lung subcompartments. In summary, this simplified technique of in situ RNA preservation and site-specific lung subcompartment microdissection allows the isolation of intact, high-quality RNA that may be used with molecular RNA-based technologies that will significantly accelerate our understanding of pulmonary injury and repair mechanisms.

Keywords: lung; heterogeneity; microdissection; RNA; preservation; real-time PCR; airways; parenchyma

Journal Article.  3959 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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