Journal Article

Coexposure of Mice to Trovafloxacin and Lipopolysaccharide, a Model of Idiosyncratic Hepatotoxicity, Results in a Unique Gene Expression Profile and Interferon Gamma–Dependent Liver Injury

Patrick J. Shaw, Amy C. Ditewig, Jeffrey F. Waring, Michael J. Liguori, Eric A. Blomme, Patricia E. Ganey and Robert A. Roth

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 107, issue 1, pages 270-280
Published in print January 2009 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online October 2008 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfn205
Coexposure of Mice to Trovafloxacin and Lipopolysaccharide, a Model of Idiosyncratic Hepatotoxicity, Results in a Unique Gene Expression Profile and Interferon Gamma–Dependent Liver Injury

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The antibiotic trovafloxacin (TVX) has caused severe idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity in people, whereas levofloxacin (LVX) has not. Mice cotreated with TVX and lipopolysaccharide (LPS), but not with LVX and LPS, develop severe hepatocellular necrosis. Mice were treated with TVX and/or LPS, and hepatic gene expression changes were measured before liver injury using gene array. Hepatic gene expression profiles from mice treated with TVX/LPS clustered differently from those treated with LPS or TVX alone. Several of the probe sets expressed differently in TVX/LPS–treated mice were involved in interferon (IFN) signaling and the janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway. A time course of plasma concentrations of IFN-γ and interleukin (IL)-18, which directly induces IFN-γ production, revealed that both cytokines were selectively increased in TVX/LPS–treated mice. Both IL-18−/− and IFN-γ−/− mice were significantly protected from TVX/LPS–induced liver injury. In addition, IFN-γ−/− mice had decreased plasma concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-18, and IL-1β when compared to wild-type mice. In conclusion, the altered expression of genes involved in IFN signaling in TVX/LPS–treated mice led to the finding that IL-18 and IFN-γ play a critical role in TVX/LPS–induced liver injury.

Keywords: trovafloxacin; inflammation; hepatotoxicity; idiosyncratic toxicity; liver injury; interferon gamma

Journal Article.  6443 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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