Journal Article

Probing Mechanisms of Axonopathy. Part II: Protein Targets of 2,5-Hexanedione, the Neurotoxic Metabolite of the Aliphatic Solvent n-Hexane

Desire Tshala-Katumbay, Victor Monterroso, Robert Kayton, Michael Lasarev, Mohammad Sabri and Peter Spencer

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 107, issue 2, pages 482-489
Published in print February 2009 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online November 2008 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfn241
Probing Mechanisms of Axonopathy. Part II: Protein Targets of 2,5-Hexanedione, the Neurotoxic Metabolite of the Aliphatic Solvent n-Hexane

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Medical Toxicology
  • Toxicology (Non-medical)

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Neuroprotein changes in the spinal cord of rodents with aliphatic γ-diketone axonopathy induced by 2,5-hexanedione (2,5-HD) are compared with those reported previously in aromatic γ-diketone–like axonopathy induced by 1,2-diacetylbenzene (1,2-DAB). Sprague-Dawley rats were treated intraperitoneally with 500 mg/kg/day 2,5-HD, equimolar doses of 2,3-hexanedione (negative control), or an equivalent amount of saline containing 50% dimethyl sulfoxide (vehicle), 5 days a week, for 3 weeks. Analysis of the lumbosacral proteome by 2-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight/tandem mass spectrometry revealed 34 proteins markedly modified by 2,5-HD of which neurofilament triplet L, gelsolin, protein disulfide isomerase, glutathione S-transferase, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (reduced) dehydrogenase 1α, pyruvate kinase, and fatty acid synthase were also modified by 1,2-DAB. The expression of proteins involved in maintaining the physical integrity of the cytoskeleton or controlling the redox and protein-folding mechanisms was reduced, whereas that of proteins supporting energy metabolism was mainly increased. The similarity of the neuroproteomic patterns of 2,5-HD and 1,2-DAB axonopathy suggests common biomarkers and/or mechanisms of neurotoxicity associated with exposure to their parent chemicals, namely the industrial solvents n-hexane and 1,2-diethylbenzene, respectively.

Keywords: axonopathy; biomarkers; γ-diketones; proteomics; solvent neurotoxicity; neurodegeneration

Journal Article.  3577 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.