Journal Article

Particokinetics and Extrapulmonary Translocation of Intratracheally Instilled Ferric Oxide Nanoparticles in Rats and the Potential Health Risk Assessment

Mo-Tao Zhu, Wei-Yue Feng, Yun Wang, Bing Wang, Meng Wang, Hong Ouyang, Yu-Liang Zhao and Zhi-Fang Chai

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 107, issue 2, pages 342-351
Published in print February 2009 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online November 2008 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfn245
Particokinetics and Extrapulmonary Translocation of Intratracheally Instilled Ferric Oxide Nanoparticles in Rats and the Potential Health Risk Assessment

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Exposure to nanoparticles has presented potential risks to human cardiorespiratory systems. Pulmonary retention and extrapulmonary redistribution of inhaled nanoparticles have been considered to be important contributing factors of cardiorespiratory diseases. In the present work, 22-nm 59Fe2O3 nanoparticles (radioactive isotope 59Fe-labeled ferric oxide nanoparticles) were intratracheally instilled into the male Sprague-Dawley rats at a dose of 4 mg/rat. Extrapulmonary distribution of 59Fe2O3 in organs and its metabolism in lung, blood, urine, and feces were measured for 50 days of exposure. Phagocytosis and clearance of agglomerated nano-Fe2O3 by monocytes/macrophages were observed by histopathology and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry examination. Our results showed intratracheal-instilled nano-59Fe2O3 could pass through the alveolar-capillary barrier into systemic circulation within 10 min that consisted with one-compartment kinetic model. The nano-59Fe2O3 in the lung was distributed to organs rich in mononuclear phagocytes, including liver, spleen, kidney and testicle. The plasma elimination half-life of nano-59Fe2O3 was 22.8 days and the lung clearance rate was 3.06 μg/day, indicating the systemic accumulation and lung retention had occurred. The deposited nano-Fe2O3 in interstitial lung was probably contributed by the particles escaping from alveolar macrophages phagocytosis and macrophages clearance function overloading. Our results suggest that the effect of Fe2O3 nanoparticles exposure, even at low concentration, should be assessed because of the potential lung and systemic cumulative toxicity of the nanoparticles.

Keywords: ferric oxide nanoparticle; extrapulmonary translocation; particokinetics; lung retention; health risk assessment

Journal Article.  5964 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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