Journal Article

Bisphenol A Exposure Induces Apoptosis and Upregulation of Fas/FasL and Caspase-3 Expression in the Testes of Mice

Yuan-Jie Li, Tian-Bao Song, Yan-Yan Cai, Jin-Song Zhou, Xin Song, Xuan Zhao and Xiao-Lin Wu

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 108, issue 2, pages 427-436
Published in print April 2009 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online February 2009 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfp024
Bisphenol A Exposure Induces Apoptosis and Upregulation of Fas/FasL and Caspase-3 Expression in the Testes of Mice

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There are controversies about adverse effects of bisphenol A (BPA), a ubiquitous xenoestrogen, on reproduction and development of male animals. To understand BPA action and assess its risk more completely, we examined the impact of BPA at high doses on the testes of pubertal male Kunming (China) mice. BPA at 0 (control), 160, 480, and 960 mg/kg/day was given by gavage to mice from postnatal days (PND) 31–44, followed by observation of morphology and detection of apoptosis and expressions of Fas/FasL and active caspase-3 on PND 45, 60, and 90 by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)–mediated dUTP nick end labeling, immunohistochemistry, and Western blotting. There was no effect of BPA at 160 mg/kg/day, however, at 480 and 960 mg/kg/day there was underdevelopment of testes and disruption of spermatogenesis. There were many apoptotic Leydig and germ cells in the testes with apoptotic indices being significantly increased compared with controls. The expression of Fas and active caspase-3 was localized in the same cell types as apoptosis occurred, and expression levels of Fas, FasL, and active caspase-3 were significantly increased compared with controls. The disturbed spermatogenesis, apoptosis and upregulation of Fas, FasL, and active caspase-3 expression persisted to PND 90. The results suggest that high-dose BPA induces apoptosis of Leydig and germ cells in the mouse testis through the Fas-signaling pathway. Therefore, there is concern about reproductive health for humans occupationally exposed to high levels of BPA.

Keywords: bisphenol A; testis; apoptosis; Fas/FasL; caspase-3; mouse

Journal Article.  5529 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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