Journal Article

Gene and Protein Responses of Human Monocytes to Extracellular Cysteine Redox Potential

Young-Mi Go, Siobhan E. Craige, Michael Orr, Kim M. Gernert and Dean P. Jones

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 112, issue 2, pages 354-362
Published in print December 2009 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online September 2009 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI:
Gene and Protein Responses of Human Monocytes to Extracellular Cysteine Redox Potential

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The redox potential of the major thiol/disulfide couple, cysteine (Cys) and its disulfide cystine (CySS), in plasma (EhCys) is oxidized in association with oxidative stress, and oxidized EhCys is associated with cardiovascular disease risk. In vitro exposure of monocytes to oxidized EhCys increases expression of the proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), suggesting that EhCys could be a mechanistic link between oxidative stress and chronic inflammation. Because cell membranes contain multiple Cys-rich proteins, which could be sensitive to EhCys, we sought to determine whether EhCys specifically affects proinflammatory signaling or has other effects on monocytes. We used microarray analysis and mass spectrometry–based proteomics to evaluate global changes in protein redox state, gene expression, and protein abundance in monocytes in response to EhCys. Pathway analysis results revealed that in addition to IL-1β-related pathways, components of stress/detoxification and cell death pathways were increased by oxidized EhCys, while components of cell growth and proliferation pathways were increased by a reduced potential. Phenotypic studies confirmed that a cell stress response occurred with oxidized Eh and that cell proliferation was stimulated with reduced Eh. Therefore, plasma EhCys provides a control over monocyte phenotype, which could contribute to cardiovascular disease risk and provide a novel therapeutic target for disease prevention.

Keywords: gene expression array; oxidative stress; pathway analysis; plasma redox potential; proteomics; mass spectrometry based

Journal Article.  5420 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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