Journal Article

Capture Compound Mass Spectrometry Sheds Light on the Molecular Mechanisms of Liver Toxicity of Two Parkinson Drugs

Jenny J. Fischer, Simon Michaelis, Anna K. Schrey, Olivia Graebner nee Baessler, Mirko Glinski, Mathias Dreger, Friedrich Kroll and Hubert Koester

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 113, issue 1, pages 243-253
Published in print January 2010 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online September 2009 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfp236
Capture Compound Mass Spectrometry Sheds Light on the Molecular Mechanisms of Liver Toxicity of Two Parkinson Drugs

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Capture compound mass spectrometry (CCMS) is a novel technology that helps understand the molecular mechanism of the mode of action of small molecules. The Capture Compounds are trifunctional probes: A selectivity function (the drug) interacts with the proteins in a biological sample, a reactivity function (phenylazide) irreversibly forms a covalent bond, and a sorting function (biotin) allows the captured protein(s) to be isolated for mass spectrometric analysis. Tolcapone and entacapone are potent inhibitors of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. We aimed to understand the molecular basis of the difference of both drugs with respect to side effects. Using Capture Compounds with these drugs as selectivity functions, we were able to unambiguously and reproducibly isolate and identify their known target COMT. Tolcapone Capture Compounds captured five times more proteins than entacapone Capture Compounds. Moreover, tolcapone Capture Compounds isolated mitochondrial and peroxisomal proteins. The major tolcapone-protein interactions occurred with components of the respiratory chain and of the fatty acid β-oxidation. Previously reported symptoms in tolcapone-treated rats suggested that tolcapone might act as decoupling reagent of the respiratory chain (Haasio et al., 2002b). Our results demonstrate that CCMS is an effective tool for the identification of a drug's potential off targets. It fills a gap in currently used in vitro screens for drug profiling that do not contain all the toxicologically relevant proteins. Thereby, CCMS has the potential to fill a technological need in drug safety assessment and helps reengineer or to reject drugs at an early preclinical stage.

Keywords: Capture compound mass spectrometry; tolcapone; entacapone; hepatotoxicity; drug safety; Parkinson's disease

Journal Article.  7886 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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