Journal Article

Mutagenicity of Acrylamide and Glycidamide in the Testes of Big Blue Mice

Rui-Sheng Wang, Lea P. McDaniel, Mugimane G. Manjanatha, Sharon D. Shelton, Daniel R. Doerge and Nan Mei

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 117, issue 1, pages 72-80
Published in print September 2010 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online June 2010 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfq190
Mutagenicity of Acrylamide and Glycidamide in the Testes of Big Blue Mice

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Acrylamide (AA) is an industrial chemical, a by-product of fried starchy foods, and a mutagen and rodent carcinogen. It can also cause damage during spermatogenesis. In this study, we investigated whether AA and its metabolite glycidamide (GA) induce mutagenic effects in the germ cells of male mice. Male Big Blue transgenic mice were administered 1.4 or 7.0mM of AA or GA in the drinking water for up to 4 weeks. Testicular cII mutant frequency (MF) was determined 3 weeks after the last treatment, and the types of the mutations in the cII gene were analyzed by DNA sequencing. The testes cII MFs in mice treated with either the low or high exposure concentrations of AA and GA were increased significantly. There was no significant difference in the cII MFs between AA and GA at the low exposure concentration. The mutation spectra in mice treated with AA (1.4mM) or GA (both 1.4 and 7.0mM) differed significantly from those of controls, but there were no significant differences in mutation patterns between AA and GA treatments. Comparison of the mutation spectra between testes and livers showed that the spectra differed significantly between the two tissues following treatment with AA or GA, whereas the mutation spectra in the two tissues from control mice were similar. These results suggest that AA possesses mutagenic effects on testes by virtue of its metabolism to GA, possibly targeting spermatogonial stem cells, but possibly via different pathways when compared mutations in liver.

Keywords: acrylamide; glycidamide; Big Blue mice; testes; mutation frequency; mutation spectrum

Journal Article.  5357 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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