Journal Article

Functional Genetic Variants in the 3′-Untranslated Region of Sulfotransferase Isoform 1A1 (<i>SULT1A1</i>) and Their Effect on Enzymatic Activity

Xinfeng Yu, Ishwori B. Dhakal, Marjorie Beggs, Vineetha Koroth Edavana, Suzanne Williams, Xuemei Zhang, Kelly Mercer, Baitang Ning, Nicholas P. Lang, Fred F. Kadlubar and Susan Kadlubar

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 118, issue 2, pages 391-403
Published in print December 2010 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online September 2010 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfq296
Functional Genetic Variants in the 3′-Untranslated Region of Sulfotransferase Isoform 1A1 (SULT1A1) and Their Effect on Enzymatic Activity

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Sulfotransferase isoform 1A1 (SULT1A1) is the most highly expressed hepatic sulfotransferase and is involved in the biotransformation of a wide variety of endo- and xenobiotics. A common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the coding region of SULT1A1, several proximal promoter SNPs, and copy number variation (CNV) are associated with altered enzymatic activity, but these variants do not fully account for the observed variation of SULT1A1 activity in human populations. In order to identify additional SNPs modulating SULT1A1 activity, we examined the 3′-untranslated region (UTR) of SULT1A1 in 97 liver samples. Direct sequencing revealed that two SNPs in the 3′-UTR (902A > G [rs6839] and 973C > T [rs1042157]) and one SNP in the 3′-flanking region (1307G > A [rs4788068]) were common. These SNPs are in absolute linkage disequilibrium with each other and in tight linkage with SULT1A1*1/2 (linkage coefficient D′ 0.83) and are significantly associated with SULT1A1 messenger RNA (p = 0.001, 0.029, 0.021) and enzymatic activity (p = 0.022, 0.012, 0.027). We then examined the collective effects of 3′-UTR SNPs, SULT1A1*1/2, and CNV on SULT1A1 activity in 498 Caucasian and 127 African-American subjects by haplotype analysis. This analysis revealed that SULT1A1*1/2 does not contribute to the variation in SULT1A1 enzymatic activity when the 3′-UTR SNPs are included in the statistical model. Two major haplotypes (ACG and GTA) were significantly correlated with SULT1A1 activity, and when stratified by copy number, the SULT1A1 3′-UTR SNPs remain significantly associated with SULT1A1 enzymatic activity in Caucasians, but not in African-Americans. Subsequent functional characterization revealed that a microRNA, miR-631, regulates SULT1A1 expression in a genotype-specific manner.

Keywords: SULT1A1; genotype; phenotype; pharmacogenetics

Journal Article.  6646 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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