Journal Article

Effects of the Protein Kinase Inhibitor PKC412 on Gene Expression and Link to Physiological Effects in Zebrafish <i>Danio rerio</i> Eleuthero-Embryos

Daniela M. Oggier, Anna Lenard, Michael Küry, Birgit Hoeger, Markus Affolter and Karl Fent

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 119, issue 1, pages 104-115
Published in print January 2011 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online October 2010 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfq330
Effects of the Protein Kinase Inhibitor PKC412 on Gene Expression and Link to Physiological Effects in Zebrafish Danio rerio Eleuthero-Embryos

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To identify molecular effects of the antineoplastic agent protein kinase C inhibitor 412 (PKC412) (midostaurin), we applied gene expression profiling in zebrafish using whole-genome microarrays. Behavioral, developmental, and physiological effects were investigated in order to analyze for correlations between altered gene expression profiles with effects on development and physiology. Zebrafish blastula-stage embryos were exposed for 6 days postfertilization to nominal levels of 2 and 40 μg/l PKC412. Among the 259 and 511 altered transcripts at both concentrations, respectively, the expressions of genes involved in the circadian rhythm were further investigated. Alteration of swimming behavior was not observed. Pathways of interest affected by PKC412 were angiogenesis, apoptosis, DNA damage response, and response to oxidative stress. Angiogenesis was analyzed in double-transgenic zebrafish embryos Tg(fli1a:EGFP)y1;Tg(gata1:dsRed)sd2; no major defects were induced by PKC412 treatment at both concentrations. Apoptosis occurred in olfactory placodes of embryos exposed to 40 μg/l, and DNA damage was induced at both PKC412 concentrations. However, there were no significant effects on reactive oxygen species formation. This study leads to the conclusion that PKC412-induced alterations of gene transcripts are partly paralleled by physiological effects at high, but not at low PKC412 concentrations expected to be of environmental relevance.

Keywords: PKC412; Danio rerio; transgenic zebrafish; microarray; angiogenesis; apoptosis

Journal Article.  7820 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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