Journal Article

Rat-Specific Decreases in Platelet Count Caused by a Humanized Monoclonal Antibody Against Sclerostin

Daniel G. Rudmann, Todd J. Page, John L. Vahle, Luc Chouinard, Solomon Haile, Florence Poitout, Gary Baskin, André-Jean Lambert, Pamela Walker, Genevieve Glazier, Malaika Awori and Lise Bernier

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 125, issue 2, pages 586-594
Published in print February 2012 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online November 2011 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfr318
Rat-Specific Decreases in Platelet Count Caused by a Humanized Monoclonal Antibody Against Sclerostin

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LY2541546 is a humanized monoclonal antibody (IgG4) that has been optimized for neutralizing activity against sclerostin. In 5-week and 6-month nonclinical safety studies in rats, LY2541546 caused dose-dependent reversible decreases in platelet counts accompanied by accelerated platelet production, increased megakaryocytes, and altered megakaryocyte morphology. These treatment-related effects resulted in altered primary hemostasis as manifested by prolonged bleeding after phlebotomy or incidental toenail break. In some cases, the defects in hemostasis were sufficient to result in death of the affected rats. There was no evidence in rats of general bone marrow suppression or processes (e.g., disseminated intravascular coagulopathy) that may result in thrombocytopenia. Cynomolgus monkeys given LY2541546 for 5 weeks or 9 months had no changes in platelet count or megakaryocytes. In vitro cross-reactivity studies in rats, cynomolgus monkeys, and humans revealed LY2541546-bound rat but not cynomolgus monkey or human platelets and megakaryocytes. These data taken together demonstrated that the platelet and megakaryocyte effects in rats had a species-specific pathogenesis which likely involved LY2541546 binding of a rat-specific antigen on the surface of platelets and megakaryocytes resulting in the increased clearance of platelets and megakaryocyte hyperplasia. The species-specific nature of these reversible toxicological findings combined with the ease of clinical monitoring using standard hematology enabled the safe initiation of clinical studies in human volunteers.

Keywords: LY2541546; immune-mediated thrombocytopenia; rat; sclerostin

Journal Article.  5477 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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