Journal Article

Metabolic Profiling of the Rat Liver After Chronic Ingestion of Alpha-Naphthylisothiocyanate Using <i>In Vivo</i> and <i>Ex Vivo</i> Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Bhavana S. Solanky, Gina J. Sanchez-Canon, Jeremy F. L. Cobbold, Simon D. Taylor-Robinson, Jimmy D. Bell, Cheryl L. Scudamore, Eleanor Ross, Julie C. Holder, Po-Wah So and I. Jane Cox

in Toxicological Sciences

Volume 126, issue 2, pages 306-316
Published in print April 2012 | ISSN: 1096-6080
Published online January 2012 | e-ISSN: 1096-0929 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfs019
Metabolic Profiling of the Rat Liver After Chronic Ingestion of Alpha-Naphthylisothiocyanate Using In Vivo and Ex Vivo Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

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Certain human diseases affecting the biliary tree can be modeled in rats by ingestion of the hepatobiliary toxin alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT). Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) allows the noninvasive monitoring of cell dynamics through detection of phosphodiesters (PDE) and phosphomonoesters (PME). Hepatic 31P MRS techniques were therefore used to study the toxic effects of low-dose chronic ANIT ingestion, with a view toward providing biomarkers sensitive to hepatobiliary dysfunction and cholestatic liver injury. Rats were fed an ANIT supplemented diet at three doses (ANIT_0.05%, ANIT_0.04%, and ANIT_0.025%) for 2 weeks. Data from in vivo MRS were compared with results from pair-fed controls (PFCs). Blood and tissue samples were collected at 2 weeks for clinical chemistry, histology, and 1H magic angle spinning MRS. Increases in PDE, relative to total phosphorus (tPh), were detected in both the ANIT_0.05% and ANIT_0.04% groups (0.07 ± 0.01 and 0.08 ± 0.01, respectively) relative to PFC groups (0.03 ± 0.01 and 0.05 ± 0.01, respectively). An increase in PME/tPh was observed in the ANIT_0.05% group only (0.17 ± 0.02) relative to PFC_0.05% (0.12 ± 0.01). Ex vivo 1H MRS findings supported this, wherein measured phosphocholines (PCs) were increased in ANIT_0.05% and ANIT_0.04% groups. Increases in relative total choline (tCho) distinguished the ANIT_0.05% group from the ANIT_0.04% group. Markers of hepatotoxicity such as raised total bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase were found at all ANIT doses. Histological findings included a dose-related increase in both severity of biliary hyperplasia and focal hepatocellular necrosis. Here, we found that ANIT-induced moderate hepatobiliary dysfunction was associated with a relative increase in phosphodiesters in vivo and PCs ex vivo. Raised PME/tPh in vivo and tCho ex vivo were also present at high doses corresponding to a higher incidence of marked biliary hyperplasia and moderate hepatocellular necrosis.

Keywords: alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate; hepatobiliary; hyperplasia; magnetic resonance spectroscopy; phosphorus; rats

Journal Article.  7416 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medical Toxicology ; Toxicology (Non-medical)

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