Journal Article

Photoperiod effect on bud burst in <i>Prunus</i> is phase dependent: significance for early photosynthetic development

Robert T. Besford, Paul Hand, Christine M. Richardson and Sandra D. Peppitt

in Tree Physiology

Volume 16, issue 5, pages 491-496
Published in print May 1996 | ISSN: 0829-318X
e-ISSN: 1758-4469 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/16.5.491
Photoperiod effect on bud burst in Prunus is phase dependent: significance for early photosynthetic development

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A 16-h photoperiod stimulated bud burst in mature rooted cuttings of Prunus avium cv. Stella, but not in selfed Stella seedlings. However, in a 12-h photoperiod, bud burst occurred earlier in the seedlings than in the mature cuttings. In the 12-h photoperiod, production of polypeptides involved in carbon dioxide fixation and photosynthetic electron transport was higher in seedlings than in mature cuttings, whereas in the 16-h photoperiod, shoot development and polypeptide production were similar in seedlings and mature cuttings. In both photoperiods, the amount of large subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase that was associated with thylakoid membranes in young leaves was higher in seedlings than in mature cuttings. Transcript levels of rbcL mRNA were influenced by photoperiod in mature cuttings but not in seedlings. In seedlings, early bud burst and development of the light harvesting apparatus would be an advantage at the start of the growing season, before the mature tree canopy reduces irradiances near the woodland floor.

Keywords: cytochrome f; juvenility; photosynthesis; Prunus avium; rbcL transcripts; Rubisco

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Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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