Journal Article

Effects of foliar potassium concentration on morphology, ultrastructure and polyamine concentrations of Scots pine needles

Anne Jokela, Tytti Sarjala, Seppo Kaunisto and Satu Huttunen

in Tree Physiology

Volume 17, issue 11, pages 677-685
Published in print November 1997 | ISSN: 0829-318X
Published online November 1997 | e-ISSN: 1758-4469 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/17.11.677
Effects of foliar potassium concentration on morphology, ultrastructure and polyamine concentrations of Scots pine needles

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We examined the effects of three foliar potassium concentrations (high, intermediate and low) on the morphology, ultrastructure and polyamine concentrations of current-year and 1- and 2-year-old needles of 30-year-old Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) trees. Foliar K concentration had only a slight effect on needle morphology. The sclerenchyma cell walls were thinner, the xylem area was larger, and the resin ducts were smaller in needles with a low K concentration than in needles with a high or intermediate K concentration. In addition, the bundle sheath cells were collapsed in needles having a low K concentration. The secondary growth of phloem tissue and the mesophyll area were greater in needles with a high or intermediate K concentration than in needles with a low K concentration, possibly indicating greater production of photoassimilates in these trees. At the ultrastructural level, mesophyll cells with enlarged central vacuoles and small vacuoles containing electron-dense material were common in needles having a low K concentration. Enlargement of the central vacuole coincided with an exponential increase in putrescine concentration in needles with a low K concentration, suggesting that the central vacuole may function as a storage site for putrescine.

Keywords: needle morphology; Pinus sylvestris; potassium deficiency; putrescine

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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