Journal Article

Effects of current-year and previous-year PPFDs on shoot gross morphology and leaf properties in <i>Fagus japonica</i>

Kyoko Kimura, Atsushi Ishida, Akira Uemura, Yoosuke Matsumoto and Ichiro Terashima

in Tree Physiology

Volume 18, issue 7, pages 459-466
Published in print July 1998 | ISSN: 0829-318X
Published online July 1998 | e-ISSN: 1758-4469 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/18.7.459
Effects of current-year and previous-year PPFDs on shoot gross morphology and leaf properties in Fagus japonica

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We investigated how shoot gross morphology and leaf properties are determined in Fagus japonica Maxim., a deciduous species with flush-type shoot phenology, in which all leaves are produced in a single flush at the start of each season. We examined relationships between current-year shoot properties and local light environment in a 14-m tall beech tree growing in a deciduous forest. Leaf number (LN), total leaf area (TLA), and total leaf length (SL) of the current-year shoot increased with increasing photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD). Leaf thickness, dry mass per leaf area and nitrogen content on a leaf area basis increased, whereas the chlorophyll/N ratio decreased with increasing PPFD. To separate the effects of current-year PPFD from those of previous year(s), we artificially shaded a part of the uppermost leaf tier. Reciprocal transfers of beech seedlings between controlled PPFD regimes were also made. Characteristics of shoot gross morphology such as LN, TLA and SL were largely determined by the PPFD of the previous year. The exception was the length of the longest “long shoots” with many leaves, in which elongation appeared to be influenced by both previous-year and current-year PPFD. In contrast, leaf properties were determined by current-year PPFD. The ecological implications of our findings are discussed.

Keywords: light environment within a tree; long shoots; shade leaves; shoot autonomy; short shoots; sun leaves

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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