Journal Article

Photosynthetic responses of loblolly pine (<i>Pinus taeda</i>) needles to experimental reduction in sink demand

David A. Myers, Richard B. Thomas and Evan H. DeLucia

in Tree Physiology

Volume 19, issue 4-5, pages 235-242
Published in print April 1999 | ISSN: 0829-318X
Published online April 1999 | e-ISSN: 1758-4469 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/19.4-5.235
Photosynthetic responses of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) needles to experimental reduction in sink demand

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Sink strength in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) was experimentally manipulated on two sun-exposed branches on each of two neighboring trees by excising the emerging terminal cohort (second flush of 1996) during a period of rapid needle expansion. In addition, export of photosynthate was restricted on one of these branches from each tree by removal of bark and phloem just below the second flush of 1995. Treatment-induced changes in needle biochemistry were measured in 3-month-old (first flush of 1996) and 1-year-old (final flush of 1995) needles collected 1, 5 and 8 days after treatment. In 3-month-old needles, sugar concentration increased by 24% one day after leader excision, and increased by 86% on Day 8 after leader excision and girdling. Starch concentration increased by 33% in 3-month-old needles on Day 1 after leader excision, and by 400% in 1-year-old needles on Day 8 after leader excision and girdling. Physiological changes in 3-month-old and 1-year-old needles were measured by open-flow gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence on Day 8 after leader excision and girdling. Light- and CO2-saturated net photosynthesis decreased following treatment in both 3-month-old and 1-year-old needles (23 and 17%, respectively). Maximum rate of carboxylation (Vcmax) decreased by 25% in 3-month-old needles and by 31% in 1-year-old needles in response to leader excision and girdling. The combined treatment resulted in a 38% decrease in maximum rate of electron transport (Jmax) in 3-month-old needles and a 37% decrease in Jmax in 1-year-old needles. Before leader excision and girdling, 2% oxygen in air stimulated photosynthesis by 17 to 19%, but this stimulation was only 3 to 4% at 9 days after treatment. These physiological responses indicate that experimentally lowered sink strength resulted in rapid feedback inhibition of leaf-level photosynthetic capacity in loblolly pine.

Keywords: girdling; rapid feedback inhibition; sink source; sink strength; terminal leader excision

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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