Journal Article

Spatial variations in xylem sap flux density in the trunk of orchard-grown, mature mango trees under changing soil water conditions

Ping Lu, Warren J. Müller and Elias K. Chacko

in Tree Physiology

Volume 20, issue 10, pages 683-692
Published in print May 2000 | ISSN: 0829-318X
Published online May 2000 | e-ISSN: 1758-4469 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/20.10.683
Spatial variations in xylem sap flux density in the trunk of orchard-grown, mature mango trees under changing soil water conditions

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Circumferential and radial variations in xylem sap flux density in trunks of 13-year-old mango (Mangifera indica L.) trees were investigated with Granier sap flow sensor probes under limiting and non-limiting soil water conditions. Under non-limiting soil water conditions, circumferential variation was substantial, but there was no apparent relationship between sap flux density and aspect (i.e., the radial position of the sensor probes on the trunk relative to the compass). Hourly sap flux densities over 24 hours at different aspects were highly pair-wise correlated. The relationships between different aspects were constant during well-watered periods but highly variable under changing soil water conditions. Sap flux density showed marked radial variation within the trunk and a substantial flux was observed at the center of the trunk. For each selected aspect on each tree, changes in sap flux densities over time at different depths were closely correlated, so flux at a particular depth could be extrapolated as a multiple of flux from 0 to 2 cm beneath the cambium. However, depth profiles of sap flux density differed between trees and even between aspects within a tree, and also varied in an unpredictable manner as soil water conditions changed. Nevertheless, over a period of non-limiting soil water conditions, depth profiles remained relatively constant. Based on the depth profiles obtained during these periods, a method is described for calculating total sap flow in a mango tree from sap flux density at 0–2 cm beneath the cambium. Total daily sap flows obtained were consistent with water use estimated from soil water balance.

Keywords: irrigation; Mangifera indica; sap flow; sapwood; transpiration; water stress; water use

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Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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