Journal Article

Carbon and nitrogen mobilization in <i>Larix</i> × <i>eurolepis</i> leafy stem cuttings assessed by dual <sup>13</sup>C and <sup>15</sup>N labeling: relationships with rooting

Virginie Pellicer, Jean-Marc Guehl, Francois-Alain Daudet, Michel Cazet, Louis Marie Riviere and Pascale Maillard

in Tree Physiology

Volume 20, issue 12, pages 807-814
Published in print June 2000 | ISSN: 0829-318X
Published online June 2000 | e-ISSN: 1758-4469 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/20.12.807
Carbon and nitrogen mobilization in Larix × eurolepis leafy stem cuttings assessed by dual 13C and 15N labeling: relationships with rooting

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Changes in use of both stored and newly synthesized sources of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) were investigated during rooting of leafy cuttings of Larix × eurolepis A. Henry. We used dual 13C and 15N long-term labeling of reserves of stock plants and followed isotope dilution of the labels in the cuttings to determine the respective proportions of C and N derived from stock plant reserves (QC,old, QN,old) and from newly synthesized sources (QC,new, QN,new). We also assessed their partitioning into the growing needles and roots. Because rooting development occurred over several months, destructive harvests were made during three periods (t0: April 9; t1: May 15 to June 5; t2: June 12 to June 26). Total C content (QC) of cuttings did not change with time, whereas total N content (QN) decreased significantly between t0 and t2. In rooted cuttings, unlike unrooted cuttings, total N concentration decreased less markedly in needles and in the lower stem component between t1 and t2 than between t0 and t2. The lower stem of rooted cuttings contained more QN,old than that of unrooted cuttings and showed lower C:N and 13C:15N ratios. The increase in QN,new in the lower stem was positively correlated with rooting status. At t1, new roots appeared and grew mainly at the expense of QC,new and QN,old. By t2, root growth was mainly dependent on new assimilates. We conclude that in leafy cuttings the initial amount of N reserves, rather than C reserves, may constitute a limiting factor for rooting.

Keywords: allocation; C:N ratio; isotopic abundance; reserve; vegetative propagation

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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