Journal Article

Interactive effects of elevated CO<sub>2</sub> concentration and nitrogen supply on partitioning of newly fixed <sup>13</sup>C and <sup>15</sup>N between shoot and roots of pedunculate oak seedlings (<i>Quercus robur</i>)

Pascale Maillard, Jean-Marc Guehl, Jean-Frederic Muller and Patrick Gross

in Tree Physiology

Volume 21, issue 2-3, pages 163-172
Published in print February 2001 | ISSN: 0829-318X
Published online February 2001 | e-ISSN: 1758-4469 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/21.2-3.163
Interactive effects of elevated CO2 concentration and nitrogen supply on partitioning of newly fixed 13C and 15N between shoot and roots of pedunculate oak seedlings (Quercus robur)

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Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) seedlings were grown for 3 or 4 months (second- and third-flush stages) in greenhouses at two atmospheric CO2 concentrations ([CO2]) (350 or 700 μmol mol−1) and two nitrogen fertilization regimes (6.1 or 0.61 mmol N l−1 nutrient solution). Combined effects of [CO2] and nitrogen fertilization on partitioning of newly acquired carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) were assessed by dual 13C and 15N short-term labeling of seedlings at the second- or third-flush stage of development. In the low-N treatment, root growth, but not shoot growth, was stimulated by elevated [CO2], with the result that shoot/root biomass ratio declined. At the second-flush stage, overall seedling biomass growth was increased (13%) by elevated [CO2] regardless of N fertilization. At the third-flush stage, elevated [CO2] increased growth sharply (139%) in the high-N but not the low-N treatment. Root/shoot biomass ratios were threefold higher in the low-N treatment relative to the high-N treatment. At the second-flush stage, leaf area was 45–51% greater in the high-N treatment than in the low-N treatment. At the-third flush stage, there was a positive interaction between the effects of N fertilization and [CO2] on leaf area, which was 93% greater in the high-N/elevated [CO2] treatment than in the low-N/ambient [CO2] treatment. Specific leaf area was reduced (17–25%) by elevated [CO2], whereas C and N concentrations of seedlings increased significantly in response to either elevated [CO2] or high-N fertilization. At the third-flush stage, acquisition of C and N per unit dry mass of leaf and fine root was 51 and 77% greater, respectively, in the elevated [CO2]/high-N fertilization treatment than in the ambient [CO2]/low-N fertilization treatment. However, there was dilution of leaf N in response to elevated [CO2]. Partitioning of newly acquired C and N between shoot and roots was altered by N fertilization but not [CO2]. More newly acquired C and N were partitioned to roots in the low-N treatment than in the high-N treatment.

Keywords: carbon partitioning; growth; nitrogen availability; nitrogen partitioning; N uptake

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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