Journal Article

Preformation in vegetative buds of <i>Prunus persica</i>: factors influencing number of leaf primordia in overwintering buds

D. Gordon, C. Damiano and T. M. DeJong

in Tree Physiology

Volume 26, issue 4, pages 537-544
Published in print April 2006 | ISSN: 0829-318X
Published online April 2006 | e-ISSN: 1758-4469 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/26.4.537
Preformation in vegetative buds of Prunus persica: factors influencing number of leaf primordia in overwintering buds

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We investigated the influence of bud position, cultivar, tree age, tree carbohydrate status, sampling date, drought and light exposure on the number of leaf primordia formed in dormant vegetative peach buds (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch) relative to the number of primordia formed after bud break (neoformed). During winter dormancy, vegetative peach buds from California and Italy were dissected and the number of leaf primordia recorded. Between leaf drop and bud break, the number of leaf primordia doubled from about five to about 10. Parent shoot length, number of nodes on the parent shoot, cross-sectional area of the parent shoot, bud position along the parent shoot and bud cross-sectional area were correlated with the number of leaf primordia. Previous season light exposure, drought and tree carbohydrate status did not affect the number of leaf primordia present. The number of leaf primordia differed significantly among peach varieties and tree ages at leaf drop, but not at bud break. Our results indicate that neoformation accounted for all shoot growth beyond about 10 nodes. The predominance of neoformed shoot growth in peach allows this species great plasticity in its response to current-season conditions.

Keywords: bud dissection; dormancy; growth habit; neoformation; nodes

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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