Journal Article

Carbonic anhydrase in <i>Tectona grandis</i>: kinetics, stability, isozyme analysis and relationship with photosynthesis

Anita Tiwari, Pramod Kumar, Pravin H. Chawhaan, Sanjay Singh and S. A. Ansari

in Tree Physiology

Volume 26, issue 8, pages 1067-1073
Published in print August 2006 | ISSN: 0829-318X
Published online August 2006 | e-ISSN: 1758-4469 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/26.8.1067
Carbonic anhydrase in Tectona grandis: kinetics, stability, isozyme analysis and relationship with photosynthesis

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Carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC: 4.2.1.1) activity in teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) was studied to determine its characteristics, kinetics and isozyme patterns. We also investigated effects of leaf age, plant age and genotype on CA activity and gas exchange parameters. Carbonic anhydrase extracted from leaves in 12 mM veronal buffer, pH 7.8, had a Km for CO2 of 15.20 mM and a Vmax of 35,448 U mg−1 chlorophyll min−1, which values declined by 50 and 70%, respectively, after 1 week of storage at 4 °C. A 15% native polyacrylamide gel revealed the absence of CA isozymes in teak, with only a single CA band of 45 kD molecular mass observed across 10 segregating half-sib families and groups of trees ranging in age from 10 to 25 years. Activity remained stable during the first month in storage at 0 °C, but gradually declined to 25% of the initial value after 1 year in storage. During the period of active growth (February–May), maximal CA activity was observed in fully expanded and illuminated leaves. Significant variation was observed in CA activity across 10 1-year-old half-sib families and 21 5-year-old half-sib families. There was a positive correlation between CA activity and photosynthetic rate in a population of 10-year-old trees (P < 0.005). Positive correlations between CA activity and photosynthetic rate were found in 10 of 21 5-year-old half-sib families (P < 0.005 to P < 0.05), which showed greater diversity in CA activity than in photosynthetic characteristics. Thus, CA may serve as a biochemical marker for photosynthetic capacity in teak genotypes.

Keywords: biochemical marker; carbon sequestration; extraction buffer; half-sib families; Km; population; storage; tree age; Vmax

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Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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