Journal Article

Seasonal carbohydrate storage and mobilization in bearing and non-bearing pistachio (<i>Pistacia vera</i>) trees

Timothy M. Spann, Robert H. Beede and Theodore M. DeJong

in Tree Physiology

Volume 28, issue 2, pages 207-213
Published in print February 2008 | ISSN: 0829-318X
Published online February 2008 | e-ISSN: 1758-4469 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/28.2.207
Seasonal carbohydrate storage and mobilization in bearing and non-bearing pistachio (Pistacia vera) trees

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We analyzed annual carbohydrate storage and mobilization of bearing (“on”) and non-bearing (“off”) ‘Kerman’ pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) trees growing on three different rootstocks. On all rootstocks, carbohydrate storage in shoots and branches of “on” and “off” trees was lowest following the spring growth flush. In “off” trees, stored carbohydrates increased and remained high after the initial growth flush. In “on” trees, stem carbohydrates increased temporarily in early summer, but were mobilized in mid-season during kernel fill, and then increased again after nut harvest. During the dormant season, the only substantial differences in carbohydrate storage between previously “on” and “off” trees were found in the roots of the weakest rootstock. The annual carbohydrate storage and mobilization pattern in canopy branches of heavily cropped pistachio trees appeared to be driven by carbohydrate demands related to nut development and untempered by tree vigor. Mobilization of carbohydrates from current-season and 1- and 2-year-old stem wood of “on” trees during the primary period of kernel fill corresponded with the period of inflorescence bud abscission. Thus, the alternate bearing pattern associated with inflorescence bud abscission in ‘Kerman’ pistachio may be a function of mid-season mobilization of stored carbohydrates in current-season stems resulting in stimulation of inflorescence bud abscission.

Keywords: alternate bearing; carbohydrate concentration; carbohydrate content; carbon partitioning; dry mass accumulation

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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