Journal Article

Evaluation of four phloem-specific promoters in vegetative tissues of transgenic citrus plants

M. Dutt, G. Ananthakrishnan, M.K. Jaromin, R.H. Brlansky and J.W. Grosser

Edited by Chunyang Li

in Tree Physiology

Volume 32, issue 1, pages 83-93
Published in print January 2012 | ISSN: 0829-318X
Published online January 2012 | e-ISSN: 1758-4469 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpr130
Evaluation of four phloem-specific promoters in vegetative tissues of transgenic citrus plants

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‘Mexican’ lime (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle) was transformed with constructs that contained chimeric promoter-gus gene fusions of phloem-specific rolC promoter of Agrobacterium rhizogenes, Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose-H+ symporter (AtSUC2) gene promoter of Arabidopsis thaliana, rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) promoter and sucrose synthase l (RSs1) gene promoter of Oryza sativa (rice). Histochemical β-glucuronidase (GUS) analysis revealed vascular-specific expression of the GUS protein in citrus. The RTBV promoter was the most efficient promoter in this study while the RSs1 promoter could drive low levels of gus gene expression in citrus. These results were further validated by reverse transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction and northern blotting. Southern blot analysis confirmed stable transgene integration, which ranged from a single insertion to four copies per genome. The use of phloem-specific promoters in citrus will allow targeted transgene expression of antibacterial constructs designed to battle huanglongbing disease (HLB or citrus greening disease), associated with a phloem-limited Gram-negative bacterium.

Keywords: Agrobacterium tumefaciens; AtSUC2; citrus; GUS; Mexican lime; rolC; RSs1; RTBV; transformation

Journal Article.  6384 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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