Journal Article

Using combined measurements for comparison of light induction of stomatal conductance, electron transport rate and CO<sub>2</sub> fixation in woody and fern species adapted to different light regimes

Shau-Lian Wong, Chung-Wei Chen, Hsien-Wen Huang and Jen-Hsien Weng

Edited by Jörg-Peter Schnitzler

in Tree Physiology

Volume 32, issue 5, pages 535-544
Published in print May 2012 | ISSN: 0829-318X
Published online March 2012 | e-ISSN: 1758-4469 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tps037
Using combined measurements for comparison of light induction of stomatal conductance, electron transport rate and CO2 fixation in woody and fern species adapted to different light regimes

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We aimed to understand the relation of photosynthetic rate (A) with gs and electron transport rate (ETR) in species of great taxonomic range and light adaptation capability during photosynthetic light induction. We studied three woody species (Alnus formosana, Ardisia crenata and Ardisia cornudentata) and four fern species (Pyrrosia lingus, Asplenium antiquum, Diplazium donianum and Archangiopteris somai) with different light adaptation capabilities. Pot-grown materials received 100 and/or 10% sunlight according to their light adaptation capabilities. At least 4 months after light acclimation, CO2 and H2O exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence were measured simultaneously by equipment in the laboratory. In plants adapted or acclimated to low light, dark-adapted leaves exposed to 500 or 2000 µmol m−2 s−1 photosynthetic photon flux (PPF) for 30 min showed low gross photosynthetic rate (Pg) and short time required to reach 90% of maximum Pg (). At the initiation of illumination, two broad-leaved understory shrubs and the four ferns, especially ferns adapted to heavy shade, showed higher stomatal conductance (gs) than pioneer tree species; materials with higher gs had short at both 500 and 2000 µmol m−2 s−1 PPF. With 500 or 2000 µmol m−2 s−1 PPF, the gs for the three woody species increased from 2 to 30 min after the start of illumination, but little change in the gs of the four ferns. Thus, Pg and gs were not correlated for all material measured at the same PPF and induction time. However, Pg was positively correlated with ETR, even though CO2 assimilation may be influenced by stomatal, biochemical and photoinhibitory limitations. In addition, was closely related to time required to reach 90% maximal ETR for all materials and with two levels of PPF combined. Thus, ETR is a good indicator for estimating the light induction of photosynthetic rate of species, across a wide taxonomic range and light adaptation and acclimation capability.

Keywords: chlorophyll fluorescence; light adaptation; photoinhibition; photosynthetic induction; photosynthetic rate

Journal Article.  5520 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry

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